Diabetes Type 2 on the Rise Among Young Americans

Oceane Deschanel
Abril 18, 2017

Study Rundown: In recent decades, improved understanding of type 1 and 2 diabetes has led to the adoption of evidence-based strategies for the prevention and treatment of diabetes as a form of cardiovascular risk reduction.

The incidences of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes are increasing among youth in the United States, according to a new report.

However, diabetes is still a very serious global problem, causing around 12 per cent of deaths in the US.

"Perhaps the most important is improved management of cardiovascular risk factors". As it stands today, diabetes is a disease that affects millions of people worldwide, and ongoing research in this department will help the lives of people around the globe. Type 2 diabetes, which the CDC stated makes up about 90% to 95% of diagnosed diabetes cases, rose by 8.5% in Asian Americans ages 10-19.

The findings raise more questions than answers: The researchers aren't sure why this trend is happening, or why certain ethnic groups seem more affected than others.

After evaluating the data, the researchers found that the rate of new diagnosed cases of type 1 diabetes in youth rose by about 1.8 percent every year from 2002 to 2012.

Across all racial/ethnic groups, the rate of new diagnosed cases of T1D increased more annually from 2003 to 2012 in males (2.2%) than in females (1.4%) 0 to 19 years of age.

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A child pricks his finger to test his blood sugar. Type 2 diabetes can be prevented by maintaining a healthy weight and getting exercise. Spanning the full spectrum of medicine and afflicting people of all ages and ethnic groups, these diseases encompass some of the most common, severe and disabling conditions affecting Americans. Native Americans, Hispanics, non-Hispanic whites, non-Hispanic blacks, and Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders. The smallest increase was seen in whites (0.6%).

"These studies highlight our concerns about the increasing prevalence of diabetes". By the end, the incidence increased modestly for boys (to nine cases per 100,000) but more markedly for girls (to 16.2 cases per 100,000).

Type 2 diabetes is often linked to obesity and lifestyle choices. The process of producing insulin does not work well as blood sugar level increases consistently. By comparison, the diabetes ratio among Caucasians is only 4.4 cases for 100,000 individuals.

This adjusted annual increase was same for both the age groups - 5.2% for the elder kids and 5.1% for the younger ones.

Globally, the number of years people lived with diabetes-related disabilities rose by almost 33% between 2005 and 2015, according to a report published last year in Lancet. This study included 11,244 youth ages 0-19 who suffered from type 1 diabetes and 2,846 youth ages 10-19 with type 2.

That means that even though doctors are doing a better job of treating diabetes and its related conditions, "the overall adverse effect of diabetes on public health is actually increasing", according to an editorial in the New England Journal of Medicine that accompanies the new report.

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